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REPUBLIKA BOSNA A HERCEGOVINA,
REPUBLIKA BOSNA I HERCEGOVINA, BiH


VLAJKA REPUBLIKY BOSNA A HERCEGOVINA
ZASTAVA SR BOSNA I HERCEGOVINA

 


ZNAK REPUBLIKY BOSNA A HERCEGOVINA
GRB SR BOSNE I HERCEGOVINA




ZASTAVA BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE
VLAJKA BOSNY A HERCEGOVINY






Bosna a Hercegovina

Republika Bosna i Hercegovina, 51 209 km2, 4 552 198 obyvatel (2007), republika [prezidentská rada Haris Silajdžić (Bosňák), Nebojsa Radmanović (Srb), Željko Komšić (Chorvat) ].

Správní rozdělení: 2 entity – Federace Bosny a Hercegoviny (chorvatsko-muslimská část, asi 51% území, rozdělení na 10 kantonů) a Republika Srpska (srbská část, rozdělení na 62 obcí – općine). Zvláštní administrativní jednotkou je distrikt Brćko. Hlavní město: Sarajevo 400 000 obyv. (odhad); jiná města (v tis. obyv.): Banja Luka 175, Tuzla 131, Zenica 127, Mostar 111, Bihać 62, Travnik 55. Obyvatelé: Bosňáci 48%, Srbové 37%, Chorvati 14%. Náboženství: muslimové 40%, pravoslavní 31%, katolíci 15%. Hustota 89 obyv. na km2. Měna: 1 konvertibilní marka (KM) = 100 pfenig.

Hospodářství: zemědělsko-průmyslová země. Zemědělství(tis. t): pšenice 327, žito 11, ječmen 72, oves 63, kukuřice 1175, soja 17, brambory 344, slunečnice, tabák, ovoce (švestky 120, jablka 62, hrušky, meruňky, broskve, jižní ovoce), vinné hrozny 22, olivy, zelenina, luštěniny; chov dobytka(tis. ks): skot 400, prasata 199, ovce 904, koně 14,5, drůbež 7915; vejce 724 mil. ks, med 2792t, rybolov 3358t. Průmysl: hlavně hutnictví, chemický, strojírenský, textilní a potravinářský. Výroba (tis. t): ocel 581 (Zenica, Vareš), surové železo, hliník 530 (Mostar), osobní automobily (Vogošća), mouka 173, maso 26, mléko 1019 tis. hl, máslo, sýry 1,7, ovocné a zeleninové konzervy 8, pivo 728 tis. hl, víno 57 tis. hl, cigarety 5,5 mld ks, bavlněná a vlněná vlákna, boty, řezivo 455 tis. m3, papír 81, syntetické a minerální oleje 96, kys. sírová, chemikálie 120 (Lukavac, Tuzla), umělé hmoty a pryskyřice 117, benzín a nafta 54, cement 1226. Těžba (tis. t): hnědé uhlí 5195 a lignit 4770 (Banovići, Zenica, Kakanj), železná ruda 3439(Vareš, Ljubija), olovo 1,2, zinek 0,9, mangan, bauxit 621 (Mostar, Jajce), měď, azbest, zlato, sůl 90, vápenec 615, sádra 33; dřevo 3983 tis. m3; elektrická energie 14 531 tis. MWh, z toho 39% vodní elektrárny. Doprava: železnice 1031 km, silnice 21 846 km, splavná řeka Sáva, letiště Sarajevo. Hlavní obchodní partneři: Chorvatsko, Německo, Slovinsko, Itálie, Maďarsko, Rakousko, Srbsko.    (-pk-)

Bosna i Hercegovina



Republika Bosna i Hercegovina
, 51 209 km2, 4 552 198 stanovnika (2007), republika [predsednički savet Haris Silajdžić (Bosnjak), Nebojsa Radmanović (Srb), Željko Komšić (Hrv) ].

Državni kompleks: 2 entiteta – Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine (hrvatsko-bośnjacki deo, cca 51% površine, 10 kantona) i Republika Srpska (srpsko deo, 62 opštine. Izuzetak je distrikt Brčko. Glavni grad: Sarajevo 400 000 stan. (procena); ostali gradovi (hilj. stan.): Banja Luka 175, Tuzla 131, Zenica 127, Mostar 111, Bihać 62, Travnik 55. Nacionalna struktura: Bošnjaci 48%, Srbi 37%, Hrvati 14%. Religije: islam 40%, pravoslavni 31%, katolički 15%. Gustina naseljenosti 89 st./km2. Valuta: 1 konvertibilna marka (KM) = 100 pfenig.

Privreda: Industrijsko-poljoprivredna država. Poljoprivreda(hilj. t): pšenica 327, raž 11, ječam 72, ovas 63, kukuruz 1175, soja 17, krompiri 344, suncokret, tabak, voće (šljive 120, jabuka 62, kruške, kajsije, breskve, agrumi), vinova loza 22, masline, povrće, mahunarke; uzgoj (hilj. kom.): goveda 400, svinje 199, ovce 904, konji 14,5, živina 7915; jajce 724 mil. ks, med 2792t, ulov ribe 3358t. Industrija: uglavnom metalurgija, hemijski, mašinogradnja, tekstilni i prehrambena industrija. Proizvodnja (hilj. t): čelik 581 (Zenica, Vareš), gvoždže, aluminijum 530 (Mostar), putnički automobili (Vogošća), brašno 173, meso 26, mleko 1019 tis. hl, maslo, sire 1,7, voćne i povrćne konzerve 8, pivo 728 hilj. hl, vino 57 hilj. hl, cigarety 5,5 mld komada, pamučne i vuene vlakna, cipele, drvo rezano 455 tis. m3, papir 81, sintetične i mineraljne ulje96, kiselina sumporna (H2SO4), hemikalije 120 (Lukavac, Tuzla), veštačke materije 117, benzin i nafta 54, cement 1226. Rudarstvo (hilj. t): mrko uglje 5195 i lignit 4770 (Banovići, Zenica, Kakanj), gvozdena ruda  3439(Vareš, Ljubija), olovo 1,2, zinek 0,9, mangan, boksit 621 (Mostar, Jajce), bakar, asbest, zlato, so 90, krečnjak 615, sadra 33; drvo 3983 hilj. m3; elektricitet 14 531 hilj. MWh, od toga 39% hidrocentrale. Saobračaj: željeznice 1031 km, putevi 21 846 km, plovna reka Sava, aerodrom Sarajevo. Glavni trgovački partneri: Hrvatska, Njemačka, Slovenija, Italija, Mađarska, Austrija, Srbija. (-it-)


Zdroj/Izvor: Republika Srpska Institute of Statistics, Federal Office of Statistics of Bosnia and Hercegovina, CIA Year Factbook 2007
   

   




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